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Artificial Intelligence

20 Oct 2022
6 Min read

A Guide to Programming Languages For Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a term that refers to the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks that are commonly associated with human intelligence and reasoning. AI programming is a broad field, and many different languages have been developed for various applications. This article will briefly overview some of the most popular languages and what they’re used for.

Defining Programming Language

A formal language known as a programming language defines a set of instructions that can be used to generate different types of output. In computer programming, algorithms are implemented using programming languages. There are many other programming languages, each with its features and capabilities. Some popular programming languages include Java, Python, and C++. 

Different Types of Programming Languages for AI

A few different types of programming languages can be used for AI purposes. Some of the more popular ones include Python, R, and Java. However, many other programming languages can be used for AI development, including C++, Prolog, Lisp, and Haskell. Let’s learn more about each language.

Python is a popular high-level, general-purpose programming language. Guido van Rossum invented it in 1991. Python is easy to learn for beginners and has an extensive standard library that covers a wide range of programming tasks. Python is often used in scientific computing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and web development.

R is a free programming language and graphical package for statistical computing. Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka came up with the idea in 1993. R is popular among statisticians and data miners for its flexibility and power. R can be used for various statistical analyses, including linear and nonlinear modeling, clustering, time series, and multivariate analysis.

A flexible and potent object-oriented programming language is Java. James Gosling developed it in 1995. Java is widely used in web development, desktop applications, Android apps, big data processing, and scientific computing. Java has a rich library set that provides many valuable functions for AI development. 

Lisp is a long-standing favorite among AI researchers due to its powerful symbolic processing capabilities. It’s also very flexible, allowing programmers to define their own custom data types and operations. However, it can be challenging to learn due to its unusual syntax.

Prolog is well suited for developing applications that require search or planning algorithms. Its declarative nature makes code more readable and accessible than imperative languages like C++ or Java. However, Prolog isn’t as widely used as other options on this list so less community support may be available.

Haskell is a purely functional programming language suited for building AI applications. Its robust system helps prevent errors and makes code more reliable. Haskell’s laziness can make code more efficient by avoiding unnecessary computations. 

C++ is a powerful object-oriented language widely used in applications where performance is critical, such as video games, 3D animation, and scientific computing. C++ has a rich set of libraries for AI development, including the Standard Template Library (STL) and the Boost C++ Libraries.

Benefits Of AI-based Programming Languages to use when building a product

When building a product, there are many factors to consider. One crucial factor is the programming language you will use. In recent years, there has been a surge in the popularity of AI-based programming languages. These languages are designed to make it easier for programmers to create artificial intelligence applications. There are many benefits to using an AI-based programming language when building a product. Some of the benefits of using an AI-based programming language include the following:

1. Increased Efficiency: AI-based programming languages are designed to be more efficient than traditional languages. This means that you can build your product faster and with less code.

2. Better User Interfaces: AI-based programming languages often have better user interfaces. This makes it easier for users to interact with your product and get the desired results.

3. More Intelligent Code: AI-based programming languages allow you to write more intelligent code. This means your product will be more effective and efficient at solving problems and accomplishing tasks.

4. Greater Flexibility: AI-based programming languages are often more flexible than traditional languages. This means you can easily add or remove features from your product without having to rewrite large amounts of code.

5. Easier to Learn: Many AI-based programming languages are more accessible to learn than traditional languages. This makes it easier for new programmers to develop products using artificial intelligence.

Drawbacks Of AI-based Programming Languages to use when building a product

There are many different programming languages, each with unique features and benefits. However, some significant disadvantages must be considered when developing products using artificial intelligence (AI).

Firstly, AI-based programming languages can be highly complex and challenging to understand. This can make the development process very slow and frustrating and increase the likelihood of errors.

Secondly, these languages often require much processing power and memory to run effectively. This can make them unsuitable for smaller devices such as smartphones or tablets.

Finally, developing products using AI-based programming languages can be prohibitively expensive. This is due to the need for specialist hardware and software, as well as the expertise of experienced developers.


Dozens of different programming languages can be used for artificial intelligence development. This guide has looked at some of the most popular options and highlighted their key features. Ultimately, your best language will depend on your specific needs and preferences. However, we hope this guide has given you a good starting point to make your decision.

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