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22 Jun 2022
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Green Cloud Computing and its benefits to the environment

The rising demand for cloud infrastructure has resulted in a significant rise in energy usage. This quest for power has considerably increased the carbon footprint of the environment. The exponential rise of data centers with thousands of servers and other infrastructures is principally responsible for the ever-increasing energy requirement. Fortunately, a solution is available in the form of Green Cloud Computing that helps organizations minimize their carbon footprint and promote environmental sustainability.

This article explains how green computing in cloud computing is assisting businesses in their efforts to create a more sustainable environment.

What is Green Cloud Computing?

Green cloud computing is a term coined to describe practices and approaches to using technological advances such as computing and other IT resources that are environmentally friendly. Green Cloud Computing is the study of designing, creating, and using digital equipment in a way that reduces carbon emissions and offers environmental sustainability. All major public cloud providers, including Microsoft, AWS, and Google, have incorporated renewable energy resources for operating their data centers as part of a drive to deploy Green Cloud Computing.

In a research conducted by Google, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Northwestern University, it was discovered that shifting common software programs used by 86 million Americans to the cloud would reduce energy use by 87 percent. The same report also emphasizes the fact that, as a result of the widespread usage of cloud computing, data center energy consumption has decreased by 31% from 2010 to 2020. According to industry studies, adopting public clouds may cut CO2 emissions by 59 million tonnes per year, the equivalent of removing 22 million automobiles off the road.

How does it work?

To reduce the environmental effect of cloud computing, energy-efficient technologies are required. These methods can conserve energy while also lowering operating expenses. Green cloud computing, commonly referred to as green information technology, is a potential option for reducing energy use. As a result, it plays a crucial role in the future of business cloud computing.

The expanding number of businesses throughout the world has a huge environmental impact. As a result of this expansion, there will be a greater need for data centers, an increase in workers’ daily commutes, and an influx of office goods and supplies on a regular basis. Green cloud computing addresses these growing environmental challenges by giving choices for reducing global carbon footprints.

How to make the Cloud “Green”?

Nano Data Centers outperform traditional server centers in terms of productivity. They assist in lowering the cost of heat dissipation, have a large service area, and are self-scalable.

Frequency scaling, or dynamic voltage frequency scaling, is an approach for reducing power and energy usage. This strategy will reduce energy use and have an impact on resource usage.

Virtualization increased the number of available system resources while also being environmentally friendly. It enables improved monitoring and resource allocation management and maximizes the server group’s capacity to share resources in general.

As more businesses rely on cloud services, new technology applications and practices that can promote environmental sustainability are being developed frequently. Many businesses are now more focused on green cloud computing as it allows companies to keep and improve operations and procedures while still being environmentally conscious.

What are the goals of Green Computing?

Green computing aims to decrease the use of hazardous chemicals, increase energy efficiency throughout the product’s lifespan, and encourage the recyclability or biodegradability of obsolete goods and production waste, similar to green chemistry. Key areas of research include making computer usage energy-efficient and feasible and developing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technology.

Green computing can be attained in a variety of ways.

  • Longevity of Products
  • Efficiency of Algorithms
  • Allocation of Resources
  • Virtualization
  • Power Management, etc.

Let’s have a look at the impacts of green computing in detail.

Provides a more reliable infrastructure

The power sources that supply electricity to the public cloud data centers are frequently in close proximity. As a result, transmission losses are kept to a minimum. Traditional corporate data centers that are placed as on-premises infrastructure do not have this advantage.

Virtualization  a primary cloud computing technology

Virtualization is the most important technology in cloud computing architecture. By lowering reliance on high-carbon physical items and substituting them with virtual counterparts, virtualization contributes to sustainability.

Increases the utility rate of servers

Organizations invest in on-premises data centers so that they can handle resource consumption surges. They frequently underutilize resources, but public cloud data centers always assure optimal resource use. As a result, the server utility rate is increased.

Reduces energy consumption significantly

According to a study by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, data centers utilize around 2% of overall energy usage in the United States. This equates to about 73-75 billion kilowatt-hours. However, adopting public cloud data centers that use renewable energy sources such as geothermal, solar, wind, hydropower, and other environmentally friendly electricity might help enterprises better manage their energy.

Lessens the adverse impact on climate

According to a recent AWS analysis, traditional data centers have a dirtier power mix than a typical public cloud provider. As a result, migrating to public clouds aids in the creation of a more sustainable ecosystem.

Boosts the culture of remote work

Many enterprises have benefited from green cloud technology’s assistance in developing software solutions and apps that promote a remote work culture. The recent trend of remote work culture relieves transportation congestion on city streets, lowers workplace energy consumption, boosts productivity, and, most significantly, saves energy, aiding in the preservation of the environment. Cloud computing allows for all of this.

Concluding Thoughts:

Green cloud computing and other energy-efficient technologies are critical for reducing the earth’s carbon footprint and resulting in a better world. For many firms, cloud computing provides a very effective infrastructure. However, rising energy demand is not only costly but also detrimental to the environment.

Many people believe that technological advancements are causing environmental catastrophe. Cloud computing, on the other hand, may assist in making amendments and solving ecological problems. Green cloud computing may help your firm achieve a positive bottom line, improve staff efficiency, reinvent business processes, and offer a sustainable environment. So why wait?! Energize your business with green computing and do your part to make the world a better and safer place for all.

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