What is Artificial Intelligence? (AI)
In 1956, John McCarthy, an American Computer Scientist and a pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence, defined AI as “ the science and engineering of making intelligent machines ”.
Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence in machines through which they are programmed to think like humans and mimic the way they act. It is an umbrella term that is used to mention every machine that is programmed to think or act like humans or perform actions identical to that is done by humans, cerebrally.
Artificial Intelligence stands out due to its capability to learn and rationalize a particular situation in order to reach a particular conclusion. Machine learning and deep learning are closely attributed to AI. The former is the act through which a machine learns without human assistance and the latter is the act through which the learning is dense. And the process requires materials or data in the form of text, image and video formats.
Artificial Intelligence with Machine Learning (ML), Deep Learning and Natural Language Processing (NLP) can analyze massive volume of data and find patterns in it which help to understand market intelligence and consumer behavior. It can also determine the emotions involved in the text or voice.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence
- Identifies pattern in data
- Improves Security
- Available 24/7
- Helps to increase customer satisfaction
- Enhances efficiency in Communication
- Eliminates/Reduces human error
- Rational Decision Making
- Helps in repetitive tasks
Types of Artificial Intelligence
There are three types of Artificial Intelligence. To be more precise, AI can evolve through three different stages, and they are:
- Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
- Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
- Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)
1. Artificial Narrow Intelligence
Artificial Narrow Intelligence, or ANI, is an AI type with limited functionality. It does not possess any thinking ability and operates on advanced algorithms and a set of pre-defined functions. Narrow intelligence can perform a set of specific tasks extremely well. It is also known as Weak AI. Google Siri and Amazon Alexa are the most popular examples that operate on Artificial Narrow Intelligence.
2. Artificial General Intelligence
Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is a more advanced form of Artificial Intelligence. It is a stage where machines can think, make decisions and act like humans. There is no example of AGI till now as it is still in the evolving stage. And we are decades away from building an Artificial General Intelligence system.
3. Artificial Super Intelligence
Artificial Super Intelligence is the stage where computers and machines will surpass all human capabilities. It is presently a hypothetical situation which is only limited to Hollywood Sci-fi movies where machines and computers take over the human world. ASI is still very far from human reach.
Future of Artificial Intelligence
Technological changes and innovations have always fascinated the human mind. From the invention of smartphones to IoT devices, there is no doubt that these advancements in technology have reduced human efforts and are making life easier for each one of us. Artificial Intelligence, with its seamless growth and endless opportunities, has emerged as the next big thing in the world of technology. A few years ago, when Artificial Intelligence was considered to be a novelty by marketers, not many businesses were ready to integrate the technology into their workspace. But now, from transportation to banking, and healthcare to defense, AI can be seen being integrated in various sectors worldwide. And is transforming the way business is done globally. One of the biggest advantages of Artificial Intelligence is that it can easily analyze a massive volume of data within seconds without any human assistance. It is eliminating the conventional way of data analysis which consumes a lot of time and human effort.
It is hard to find a device that we use in our day-to-day life which doesn’t have artificial intelligence encrypted in it. In the case of Amazon, Alexa is allowed to access the search history of the customer leading to customizing and personalizing online shopping. Google Assistant is another example of artificial intelligence that we live with and hence it is not merely a luxury. AI Robots are making huge impacts in the manufacturing industry. AI chatbots are already increasing the customer response rate by being available 24/7, improving the customer experience and customer satisfaction level.
Considering its possibilities and impact on every industry and human lives, AI will continue to function as the leading technological innovator for the foreseeable future. Hence, Artificial Intelligence will provide a realm of opportunities for certified AI professionals. According to reports, Artificial Intelligence will create 133 million new AI jobs by 2022. The future of AI is bright and what we are witnessing is just the first step to the future. Artificial Intelligence is expected to bring massive revolutions in the field of technology in the upcoming years.